What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. As with other learning disabilities, dyslexia is a lifelong challenge that people are born with. This language processing disorder can hinder reading, writing, spelling, and sometimes even speaking.
Studies show that individuals with dyslexia process information in a different area of the brain than do non-dyslexics.
Dyslexia is NOT a sign of poor intelligence or laziness. It is also not the result of impaired vision. Many people who are dyslexic are of average to above average intelligence. Children and adults with dyslexia simply have a neurological disorder that causes their brains to process and interpret information differently.
70-80% of people with poor reading skills are likely dyslexic. One in five students, or 15-20% of the population, has a language based learning disability. Dyslexia is the most common of the language based learning disabilities. Early intervention can be invaluable. Dyslexia affects both boys and girls and all races; research shows it is hereditary.